The London Stock Exchange is based in the UK's capital and was initially founded and launched by Queen Elizabeth I in 1571, making it one of the oldest stock exchanges on the globe. More than 400 years later, and located in Paternoster Square in the heart the city, the London Stock Exchange remains as the most robust and well-established stock exchanges in the world.
The London Stock Exchange provides cost-effective access to the world's richest pool of capital. They are the home to a comprehensive range of companies and offer digital equities for those seeking trading opportunities. Today, the London Stock Exchange operates on its own Linux based software called 'Millennium Exchange'. They provide technological finance solutions, including trading and marketing surveillance to a myriad of exchanges and organisations including their own markets. There are two markets on which organisations trade on.
The Main Market is home to over a thousand organisations spanning across over 50 countries. The FTSE 100 is the main share index of the most highly capitalised companies in the UK listed on the Main Market. FTSE 100 is a short abbreviation for 'The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index' and informally known as 'The Footsie'. The index is maintained by the FTSE Group which is a subsidiary of The London Stock Exchange Group. And, the Alternative Investment Market (AIM) which is the London Stock Exchange's international market for smaller organisations. Early stage and venture-backed organisations join the AIM to access growth capital and seeking to be publicly listed.
In March 2020, NEX Exchange become part of the Aquis Exchange PLC group (Aquis Group) and is now called Aquis Stock Exchange (AQSE).
The Aquis Group is the 7th largest stock exchange group by value traded in Europe, trading over 1,800 equity securities across 14 markets on its low latency and high-performance trading platforms.
AQSE offers a compelling alternative for companies seeking a public market listing. In addition to bringing equity offerings, SMEs can also admit debt onto the platform.
AQSE is home to nearly 90 primary market securities and includes household names such as Shepherd Neame, Chapel Down & Adnams, as well as over 600 stocks registered for trading on its secondary market (AQSE Trading). AQSE securities are eligible for inclusion in SIPPs and ISAs and are exempt from stamp duty. Retail investors may also benefit from CGT, IHT and EIS reliefs, amongst others on growth market securities.
The Brussels Stock Exchange, abbreviated to BSE, was founded in Brussels, Belgium in 1801. In 2002, the BSE merged with the Amsterdam, Lisbon and Paris stock exchanges into Euronext, renaming the BSE Euronext Brussels. The most well known stock market index on the BSE is the BEL20.
Euronext Lisbon is a stock exchange in Lisbon, Portugal. It is part of Euronext pan-European exchange. The most famous index is PSI-20. Euronext Lisbon trades equities, public and private bonds, participation bonds, warrants, corporate warrants, investment trust units, and exchange traded funds.
Formerly known as the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, it merged on 22 September 2000 with the Brussels Stock Exchange and the Paris Stock Exchange to form Euronext. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange offers ambitious companies from the Netherlands and abroad access to the global capital markets and connects the various market participants.
The Euronext Dublin lists debt and fund securities and is used as a European gateway exchange for companies seeking to access investors in Europe and beyond. With over 35,000 securities listed on its markets, the exchange is used by over 4,000 issuers from more than 85 countries to raise funds and access international investors.
Borsa Italiana, based in Milan, is the Italian Stock Exchange. It manages and organises domestic market, regulating procedures for admission and listing of companies and intermediaries and supervising disclosures for listed companies.
The Oslo Stock Exchange is a stock exchange within the Nordic countries and offers Norway's only regulated markets for securities trading today. The stock exchange offers a full product range including equities, derivatives and fixed income instruments. The Euronext consortium of European stock exchanges controls the Oslo Stock Exchange as of June 2019.
Euronext Paris is a securities market, formerly known as the Paris Bourse, which merged with the Amsterdam, Lisbon and Brussels exchanges in September 2000 to form Euronext NV. As of 2022, the companies listed had a combined market capitalization of over US$4.58 trillion.