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Possible war crimes in Yemen fuelled by arms flows from West, Iran - UN

Wed, 9th Sep 2020 12:04

* U.N. rights experts issue annual report on Yemen conflict

* They say both warring sides may be committing war crimes

* UK, Canada, France, Iran and U.S. supplying arms - report

By Stephanie Nebehay

GENEVA, Sept 9 (Reuters) - Weapons provided by Western
powers and Iran to the warring sides in Yemen are fuelling the
six-year-old conflict, marked by deadly Saudi-led coalition
air strikes and Houthi shelling, U.N. investigators said on
Wednesday.

Coalition air strikes in the past year may amount to war
crimes, while the Iran-aligned Houthi movement carried out
killings and other abuses that may also constitute war crimes,
they said.

It was the third successive year that the panel of
independent experts found that all parties had violated
international law. This year's findings covered incidents from
June 2019 to June 2020.

Countries including Britain, Canada, France, Iran and the
United States continued their support to the warring sides
"including through arms transfers, thereby helping to perpetuate
the conflict", the U.N. panel said in a report entitled "Yemen:
A Pandemic of Impunity in a Tortured Land".

"After years of documenting the terrible toll of this war,
no one can say 'we did not know what was happening in Yemen',"
said Kamel Jendoubi, chairman of the Group of Experts.

The three experts urged the U.N. Security Council to refer
the situation in Yemen to the International Criminal Court (ICC)
for possible prosecutions.

The Saudi-led Sunni Muslim coalition intervened in Yemen in
March 2015 after the Houthis ousted the internationally
recognised government from power in the capital, Sanaa, in 2014.

The conflict is widely seen as a proxy war between Saudi
Arabia and its regional foe, Shi'ite Muslim Iran. More than
100,000 people have been killed and millions are on the brink of
famine, aid agencies say.

"During this reporting period, the Group verified a further
four airstrikes or series of airstrikes involving similar
failures to take all necessary measures to protect civilians and
civilian objects," the report said of the coalition backing the
government of Yemen's exiled president, Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi.

"Disproportionate attacks constitute war crimes under
customary international law," it said.

They included "one of the deadliest airstrikes of 2020",
launched by the coalition on Feb. 15 on a village in the
Al-Hayjah area of Al-Jawf province, "resulting in approximately
50 civilians killed and injured," it said.

"The coalition's restrictions on imports and access to
Al-Hudaydah (Hodeidah) port have contributed to shortages of
fuel and other necessities and to inflation, thereby
exacerbating the economic and humanitarian crisis," the U.N.
panel said.

Mortar bombs fired by the Houthis hit a central prison in
the frontline city of Taiz in April, killing six women and two
girls, according to the report, which said it could constitute a
war crime.

(Reporting by Stephanie Nebehay, Editing by Timothy Heritage)

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