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Motif Bio presents positive iclaprim data

Fri, 6th Oct 2017 09:13

(ShareCast News) - Clinical stage biopharmaceutical company Motif Bio announced on Friday that new preclinical data with its investigational drug candidate 'iclaprim' were presented during the IDWeek 2017 conference, currently being held in San Diego.

The AIM-traded firm said its chief medical officer David Huang presented data from an in vivo study evaluating the therapeutic potential of iclaprim in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) lung infections.

In an in vivo model mimicking the pathophysiology observed in patients with cystic fibrosis, rats received either iclaprim 80 mg/kg, iclaprim 60 mg/kg, vancomycin 50 mg/kg or placebo.

Regardless of dose, the iclaprim-treated rats demonstrated 100% survival, while the vancomycin group demonstrated 91.7% survival and the control group showed 48.3% survival.

In addition to the improved survival rates, iclaprim treatment resulted in a significantly greater reduction in bacterial colony forming units (CFUs) compared to vancomycin, Motif Bio claimed.

"Following the recently-announced positive, top-line Phase 3 REVIVE-2 clinical trial results for iclaprim for acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI), the data presented today at IDWeek underscore the potential utility of iclaprim in a range of patient populations with suspected MRSA infections, including cystic fibrosis patients with Staphylococcus aureus lung infections," said Dr Huang.

"Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of pneumonia in patients with cystic fibrosis and we do not believe that any antibiotic has been approved for this indication."

Huang said some 80% or more of patients with cystic fibrosis die as a result of respiratory infections caused by a variety of bacteria, and MRSA infections had been growing in recent years.

"The encouraging new data presented today support developing iclaprim as a potential treatment option for MRSA infections in patients with cystic fibrosis, and iclaprim was recently granted Orphan Drug Designation in the U.S. for Staphylococcus aureus lung infections in this patient group."

Additionally, Amy Bryant of the VA Medical Center in Boise, Idaho, presented data from an in vitro study evaluating the effects of sub-inhibitory doses of dihydrofolate reductase inhibitors - iclaprim and trimethoprim - compared to cell wall-active agents - nafcillin, vancomycin - on the exotoxin production from two clinical MRSA isolates.

Exotoxins such as alpha-hemolysin and toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 mediate the development of disease, and inhibition of toxin production is an important consideration in choosing appropriate treatments for MRSA infections.

Vancomycin is recommended for severe MRSA infections; however, increasing vancomycin resistance, poor clinical outcomes and kidney toxicity were "serious concerns" according to Motif bio.

The results reportedly showed that iclaprim and trimethoprim delayed the onset of mRNA production, suppressed AH production, and delayed maximal TSST-1 in two community-acquired MRSA strains.

"Toxin suppression is an important therapeutic goal for severe infections due to toxin-producing Gram-positive pathogens such as MRSA," Dr Huang added.

"The in vitro data presented show that Iclaprim, at concentrations below those that inhibit bacterial growth, suppress toxin production.

"Iclaprim is 15-fold more active than trimethoprim, supporting the use of iclaprim to treat serious MRSA infections in hospitalised patients."

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